polonaise n : a woman's dress with a tight bodice and an overskirt drawn back to reveal a colorful underskirt
- Rhymes: -eɪz
Adjectivepolonaise f, polonais m
- Ma femme est moitié polonaise, moitié allemande.
- My wife is half Polish, half German.
- For a "robe à la polonaise", see Polonaise (clothing).
The polonaise (Polish: polonez, chodzony; Italian: polacca) is a rather slow dance of Polish origin, in 3/4 time. Its name is French for "Polish." The notation alla polacca on a score indicates that the piece should be played with the rhythm and character of a polonaise (e.g., the rondo in Beethoven's Triple Concerto op. 56 has this instruction).
The polonaise had a rhythm quite close to that of the Swedish semiquaver or sixteenth-note polska, and the two dances have a common origin. At the end of the 18th century, it became a popular salon piece. Virtuoso and lyrical piano polonaises composed Michał Kleofas Ogiński. His polonaises influenced a young Chopin. Chopin's late polonaise developed a very solemn style, and has in that version become very popular in the classical music of several countries.
One fine example of a polonaise is the well-known 'Heroic' Polonaise in A flat major, Op.53. Chopin composed this polonaise as the dream of a powerful, victorious and prosperous Poland.
Polonaise is a wide-spread dance on carnival parties. There is also a German song, called "Polonäse Blankenese" from Gottlieb Wendehals alias Werner Böhm, which is often played on carnival festivals in Germany about this dance. Polonaise is always a first dance at a studniówka (means: "hundred-days"), the Polish equivalent of the senior prom, which is ca. 100 days before exams.
polonaise in Bulgarian: Полонеза
polonaise in Czech: Polonéza
polonaise in German: Polonaise (Tanz)
polonaise in Spanish: Polonesa
polonaise in Esperanto: Polonezo
polonaise in French: Polonaise (danse)
polonaise in Italian: Polonaise
polonaise in Hebrew: פולונז
polonaise in Georgian: პოლონეზი
polonaise in Hungarian: Polonéz
polonaise in Dutch: Polonez
polonaise in Japanese: ポロネーズ
polonaise in Norwegian: Polonese
polonaise in Polish: Polonez (taniec)
polonaise in Portuguese: Polonesa
polonaise in Russian: Полонез
polonaise in Simple English: Polonaise
polonaise in Slovenian: Poloneza
polonaise in Serbian: Полонеза
polonaise in Swedish: Polonesse
polonaise in Turkish: Polonez
polonaise in Ukrainian: Полонез
polonaise in Chinese: 波蘭舞曲